Passive Spinal Extension

Practical Usage

Incorporate this exercise into the routine of your choice with the upcoming ExRx app. Or use the workout creation guide for an evidence-based do-it-yourself approach.

Passive Spinal Extension Test



Lie prone on mat or floor. Place both hands on floor in front of shoulders, arms positioned close to sides.


While keeping front of pelvis in contact with floor, push torso up with arms and shoulders.


Perpendicular distance from suprasternal notch to floor is noted.


Test is considered 'passive' since muscles of low back are not used to elevate torso. It should be noted that individuals with longer trunks may be able to score better.


Joint ROM: Spinal Hyperextension
Flexibility: Rectus Abdominis
Force: Passive


Excellent > 12 inches (30 cm)
Good > 8 inches (20 cm)
Fair > 4 inches (10 cm)

Main Menu | Flexibility and Functional Assessments | Joint ROM

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